Windows 7 Ultimate SP1 64-bit Super Lite up April 2019
Size: 1.12 GB
OK, you asked for it, so here it is... stripped to the bone... only English language.
There isn't any info about what was removed so I can't help you there.
Based on Windows 7 Ultimate SP1 64-bit.
Download it, try it and decide for yourself is this what were you looking for.
Windows 7 compatible desktop or laptop
burn to dvd or use rufus to create bootable media
fresh install require